What is Nicotine?
Nicotine is a natural organic compound found in the leaves of the tobacco plant. It is a natural stimulant drug, it is made in the roots of the tobacco plant and accumulates in the roots. It is an active compound of traditional cigarettes and is also harvested and concentrated for use in electronic cigarette E-liquids to deliver the required dosage to the user. Nicotine enters the blood stream via the skin or mucous membranes in the mouth, nose and lungs.
When nicotine is inhaled the body reacts by getting a rush of energy. Leaving the user to feel exhilarated, energized and good. Although once the initial high has worn off the user is left feeling lethargic and in need of another boost. This is how nicotine becomes addictive. Your brain receptors start to crave the nicotine and trick your body into believing you need the substance to feel normal again. In turn your body becomes nicotine dependant and after repeated use the body builds up a tolerance to nicotine and craves more. It is hard to withdraw from as your mind and your body become conflicted. Although not impossible to quit nicotine addicts struggle to wean themselves off of the substances but there are many services available for help in doing so.
Effects on the Body
Once nicotine has been ingested, inhaled or absorbed by the body. The body starts working overtime to accommodate this new commodity. After inhalation the body transports the nicotine into the blood stream and the brain. Firstly your body will let off adrenaline which in turn makes your heart beat faster and blood pressure to rise.
After your blood pressure and heart rate has risen, constricting the blood flow and blood vessels the body then over produces insulin which in turn makes your body believe that there is excess glucose in the blood, this is the main factor that people who have inhaled nicotine experience a decline in appetite as the body believes it has eaten.
Nicotine in small quantities has been proven not to have too much of a negative effect on the body, the point mentioned above are by far the most lethal when administered at sensible levels.
Although it is possible to overdose on nicotine it is very hard to do so when being smoked or vaped. A nicotine overdose via smoking or vaping will cause the victim to experiences minor to severe headaches, heart palpitations and sometimes vomiting. There has been no fatal reports of nicotine overdose via these means.
However, if nicotine is ingested in large quantities, via liquid form it can be very, very dangerous and sometimes fatal. Particularly in small animals and children. In high quantities it is very toxic compound.
Other Health Related Problems
There are many other health related problems that are connected to nicotine. Although most of these problems are not because of the nicotine itself. It is due to how the nicotine is administered. For example inhaling nicotine via a traditional cigarette causes many well-known health problems; such as, heart disease, COPD and even skin and lung cancer. Although none of these side effects are directly related to the nicotine itself. There are many safer ways to get the required nicotine into the body without have these adverse side effects. There nicotine replacement techniques, such as using electronic cigarettes, nicotine gum and patches.
Nicotine is a harmful and toxic chemical in high concentrations and should be avoided. It is highly addictive when used and can be dangerous if not used correctly. In order to maintain within the safe limits, one should always research products thoroughly in order to understand the health implications.