The knee is the largest joint our body. It provides stability and flexibility, allowing your legs to bend, straightens and swivel.
The knee is composed of thighbone which rotates on the upper end of shinbone and kneecap, which slides in a groove on the end of the femur. There are also large ligaments in the knee. They connect the bones and control motion by bracing the joint against abnormal types of motion. In the knee, the meniscus is a wedge of soft cartilage between the shinbone and thighbone. It acts as a knee cushion and absorbs shock when in motion.
Damage or stress is a knee injury. The injuries are classified in two types:
- Overuse injuries – These are caused by overload or regular activity. The activity includes jumping, running, cycling, weight training or bushwalking.
- Acute injuries – These are caused by sudden trauma, including collision, sudden fall, or twist of the knee joint.
Forms of Knee Injury
Ligament injury –
Ligament injury usually results from trauma or playing sports. It may happen in the medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament or cruciate ligaments. These injuries may occur in several forms such as a stretch injury, a partial tear, a complete tear, or an alteration in function caused by an adjacent fracture.
Meniscus tears –
Shearing forces of rotation to the knee during rapid or sharp motion causes Meniscus tears. Degeneration and aging are also the cause of the tears. This injury is common with athletes who are involved in sports which require active body movements.
Patellar tendinitis –
Irritation, inflammation, and swelling results from overuse, injury, or aging. Patellar tendinitis occurs below the kneecap. Athletes whose sports involve frequent jumping, in soccer; basketball, etc. are more prone to receive this injury. The pain is felt between the kneecap and the area where the tendon attaches to your shinbone.
Fracture is a crack or split, which is a result of excessive pressure. Car accidents, aging, falls or sports injuries are some of the most common causes of Fracture.
Nonsurgical Treatments for Knee Injuries
Nonsurgical treatment can be the best solution for knee injury recovery. While mild injury can be healed by yourself, however, you need to consult a doctor or a physiotherapist irrespective of the size of the damage. Prompt medical attention fastens the recovery.
For sports injury –
If it’s the case of minor sports injuries, then managing it can be resting, or applying ice to the affected area. In general, this method is known as RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation). This is helpful because it ensures proper power. This ensures adequate blood circulation.
For chronic injuries –
If you have more chronic wounds that seem to deteriorate, it’s advisable to meet the physical therapist. A therapist can only address the cause of your injury instead of only telling you’re the symptoms and providing temporary treatment. He or she can help you recover from a severe injury, such as swelling, bruising, or deformities. Maybe some tests like X-ray, CT scans are required.
Joint injuries –
Athletes having joint injuries may look for speedy relief through cortisone to reduce inflammation. The injuries can be very dangerous. They can have an adverse effect on bone and soft tissue healing. The solution is to see a physiotherapist for sports injury treatment.
Rehabilitative physical therapy
Doctors usually recommend rehabilitative physical therapy for proper healing of knee injuries. Besides, some specific exercises are also good for the knee to improve in its range of motion and prevent scarring and stiffness during the knee healing process. Strengthening and Stretching are the two types of exercises recommended to stretch and strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee.
Quick medical attention is very important for any kind of knee injury. The earlier you consult a doctor, the better. It increases the chances of a full recovery. Trying to rush the recovery with temporary medicines or treatment can increase the likelihood of further injury and may be more dangerous.
That’s why it’s essential to look for treatment the moment you receive a knee injury. It’s good to find the best clinic that is known for using nonsurgical and nonsteroidal relief for knee pain. A physician that allows non-invasive and holistic treatment can be the most appropriate health care professional to book your appointment with.