Physiotherapy is a branch of medical science which involves the application of scientific methods to heal and recover from certain disorders. If you had any history of joint pain or aching muscle, or if you have seen any aged person in-house suffering from those conditions, you might have come across a physiotherapist.
Physiotherapy helps your body to restore its lost mobility and improve quality of life. Just like any moving vehicle needs regular maintenance to keep it functioning at its best, your body too needs regular maintenance to stay at its pink of health. It is generally recommended by physicians to people suffering from certain medical problems. Physiotherapy can also be recommended for maintaining your general health.
Why and When Do You Need Physiotherapy?
Physiotherapy has proved to produce effective results in the treatment of:
- Spinal cord related issues
- Joint pain
- Brain injury
Apart from these, there are few other common symptoms which indicate you need physiotherapy treatment:
- Your body balance has worsened
- You feel constant pain in the back and neck region
- You face difficulty while urinating
- You are leading an inactive and sedentary lifestyle
- You have undergone a major surgery
- You are a patient of chronic respiratory and neurological conditions
- You have been experiencing insomnia for quite a long time
Functions of a Physiotherapist
The main task of the physiotherapist is to enable and improve your general body movement.
- Helps to improve body balance and trains you to perform sitting and standing exercises.
- Uses various treatments including heat and cold therapy, massage to relieve pain, electrical stimulation and other hydrotherapy techniques.
- Assists you to perform physical therapy exercises which are helpful to recover from sports injuries.
- Evaluates your muscle strength and prepares a suitable routine accordingly for strength gain.
- Assists you in performing exercises to maintain and improve joint movements.
- Provides home assistance, if needed and work upon the fixed routine to increase your strength, endurance and health.
What are the Techniques Used in Physiotherapy
The branch of physiotherapy uses a variety of techniques and methods to treat patients.
- Education– It is vital for the patients undergoing physiotherapy to know about the medication. As a patient, you need to understand the exact cause and symptoms of your condition. Your therapist will also explain in details about the treatment which you will undergo and its preventive method. Without proper knowledge about your condition, the treatment becomes difficult.
- Rehabilitation– Rehabilitation programs are essential to improve your body balance, movements, coordination, strength and flexibility. Rehabilitation is essential for gradual recovery.
- Manual Traction– If you have spinal problems, then this treatment will be recommended for you. This physiotherapy technique involves applying a gentle pressure on the neck and back. As a result, your spinal nerves are soothed. This helps to relieve pain, tension and muscle spasms in the affected area.
- Acupuncture– This is one of the oldest techniques to relieve pain. Your therapist will insert thin sterile needles into acupuncture points in your body. This is said to ease the energy blockages and enables the proper functioning of muscles.
- Physiotherapy exercises– physiotherapy exercises have been proven to provide effective results in relieving pain and enhance the normal functioning of the body. These exercises not only prevent injury but also increase your strength. Your physiotherapist might be able to guide you better on the best combination of exercises.
Physiotherapy is very beneficial and provides long-term benefits without any side-effects. Apart from the above-mentioned techniques, there are several other combinations of techniques adopted by physiotherapists depending on your physical needs, age and medical condition.